To respond to the present world crises regarding biodiversity loss and forecast distribution changes, adequate data and modelling to understand and predict marine biodiversity changes from local to global scales is urgently needed. This is also the basis to assess the effects of management and plan adequately the measures to address this ecosystem crises. This PhD project aims to fill key gaps on the integration of observations collected with multiple techniques, analysis of the trends observed and predict future trends focusing on macroalgal beds, an Essential Ocean Variable in development. It will address also the implementation of best practices for formatting, archiving, curation, and sharing observations at both Portuguese and international scales.This work will be done in the framework of the Group on Earth Observations Biodiversity Observation Network (GEO BON) specifically the Marine Biodiversity Observation Network (MBON) that is building a community of practice to increase and improve monitoring of marine biodiversity and the development of products that can be used by managers and policy makers from local to international levels.
This research will greatly advance the state of the art on the national and global status and trends of macroalgal beds by using key developments in integration of different observation technology from field sampling to data publication. Novel data analyses will generate new insights into past and projected future trends in these very important ecosystems that may have a key role in carbon sequestration and will determine if increase in area, e.g. though cultivation, may be part of the solution for increasing carbon sequestration by marine ecosystems. The development of cost-efficient standardised methods of monitoring using from remote sensing to different in-situ observations, will allow testing hypotheses regarding trends in these ecosystems, as well as predict effects of measures for their recovery as Marine Protected Areas and ecosystem restoration. This knowledge will be key for the conservation and restoration of marine macrolagal beds and its ecosystem services, including increase of carbon sequestration and mitigation of other effects of climate change in the coastal areas.
The PhD candidate will need to have a MSc. in Marine Biology, ecology or similar areas and interest in development of methods and analysis of biodiversity data at local, regional and global levels.
(to be presented by the candidates)
Name(s) of supervisor(s)
Isabel Sousa Pinto (Ciimar and University of Porto),
Mark Costello (University of Bodo, Norway)
Name(s) of hosting institution(s)
University of Porto
Identification of PhD program
PhD in Biology, University of Porto
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