These areas are being severely threatened by both anthropogenic impacts (e.g. pollution, physical changes, loss of habitats, urban sprawl) and environmental changes (e.g. sea level rise, water temperature increase, coastal erosion, ocean acidification).

The AIR Centre will promote ecosystem-based approaches for the integrated management of bays and estuarine areas and foster comparative assessment and action research for the preservation, restoration, and sustainable development of several key locations around the Atlantic Ocean.