Technology is driving improvements of monitoring tools and allows the establishment of a chain of trust that links ships, ports, governments, civil society and marine ecosystems

Ensuring maritime security depends on treaties, governance and policies that allow the assessment of trends, emerging issues and possible threats that pose pressing challenges to sea and coastal areas.

Monitoring maritime terrorism, piracy, trafficking, illegal fishing, environmental crimes and maritime disasters require a collaborative effort between local and international authorities. This task can only be achieved if supported by technological and information systems and by the development of collaborative CubeSats, robotics, and autonomous systems combined with earth observation, models and artificial intelligence systems. Altogether, these tools make it possible to map regions, pinpoint vulnerable areas, identify weaknesses and develop the adequate action plans both to prevent an address old and new threats.