Monitoring and collecting data on the coastal areas are two essential actions to better understand environmental changes affecting coastal areas and support policymakers in the development of effective evaluation and mitigation tools addressing coastal environmental risks. The frequency and severity of coastal hazards are expected to increase as a result of the combined effects of sea level rise, climate change, and increasing human activities. A recent Special IPCC Report stated that extreme sea level events are expected to hit once a year at several locations by 2050.

Adaptation to climate change, implementation of crisis management protocols, and the development of post-disaster plans is vital to restrain the potential impacts of such events, especially when studies predict that the majority of the world’s population will be living in coastal areas in 2050.